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Fard 'Ain

Arabic (فرض عين) for individual duty or obligation. It is an act that is compulsory for every competent Muslim (man and woman), not just for the community in general. In other words, it refers to a duty or obligation (fard) whose performance is the responsibility of the Muslim himself/herself. Therefore, a competent individual will not be relieved from such a duty or obligation if a sufficient number of Muslims have performed it. An example of fard ‘ain is all matters related to worship (ibadah/ibadat) such as praying, fasting, zakah, etc.

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